- Millets are a group of highly variable small-seeded grasses, widely grown around the world as cereal crops or grains for fodder and human food.
- Millets are important crops in the semiarid tropics of Asia and Africa (especially in India, Mali, Nigeria, and Niger), with 97% of millet production in developing countries. the crop is favored due to its productivity and short growing season under dry, high-temperature conditions.Millets are indigenous to many parts of the world.
- The most widely grown millet is pearl millet, which is an important crop in India and parts of Africa.
- Finger millet, proso millet, and Foxtail millet are also important crop species.
- Millets may have been consumed by humans for about 7,000 years and potentially had "a pivotal role in the rise of multi-crop agriculture and settled farming societies.